Prof. Moshe InbarMoshik
Associate Professor


Department of Evolutionary & Environmental Biology, University ofHaifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
Tel: (972) 4 8288767 (office); (972) 4 8288768 (lab)
Fax: (972) 4 8288779

Adjunct Faculty: Department of Biology, University of Haifa at Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel
Tel: (972) 4 9838897

Ph.D. 1996, Tel Aviv University, Department of Zoology, Israel (Summa Cum Laude)

Research Interests:

My main research interests are animal (in particular insects) - plant interactions from ecological and practical points of view and natural conservation:

Ecology & and Evolution of gall forming insects
Defense strategies in aphids
Biology of whiteflies
Interactions between vertebrates and insect herbivores
The ecological role of secondary compounds in floral nectar of tree tobacco
Wildlife – traffic conflicts

Selected Publications (Former surname - Burstein):

Wool D & Burstein M (1991) A galling aphid with extra life-cycle complexity: Population ecology and evolutionary considerations. Researches on Population Ecology 33: 307-322. PDF

Wool D & Burstein M (1991) Parasitoids of the gall-forming aphid Smynthurodes betae Westw.(Aphidoidea, Fordinae) in Israel. Entomophaga 36: 531-538. PDF

Burstein M & Wool D (1992) Great Tits exploit aphid galls as a source of food. Ornis Scandinavica 23: 107-109. PDF

Burstein M & Wool D (1993) Gall aphids do not select optimal galling sites (Smynthurodes betae; Pemphigidae). Ecological Entomology 18: 155-164. PDF

Burstein M, Wool D & Eshel A (1994) Sink strength and clone size of sympatric, gall-forming aphids. European Journal of Entomology 91: 57-61. PDF

Wool D, Manheim O, Burstein M & Levi T (1994) Dynamics of re-migration of sexuparae to their primary hosts in the gall-forming Fordinae (Aphidoidea, Pemphigidae). European Journal of Entomology 91: 103-108. PDF

Inbar M, Eshel A & Wool D (1995) Interspecific competition among phloem - feeding insects mediated by induced host plant sinks. Ecology 76: 1506-1515. PDF

Inbar M & Wool D (1995) Phloem-feeding specialists sharing a host tree: Resource partitioning minimizes interference competition among galling aphid species. Oikos 73: 109-119. PDF

Wool D, Manheim O & Inbar M (1997) Return flight of sexuparae of galling aphids to their primary host trees: implications for differential herbivory and gall (Aphidoidea: Pemphigidae, Fordinae) abundance. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 90: 341-350. PDF

Wool D & Inbar M (1998) Colonization of ecological islands: galling aphid populations on recovering Pistacia trees after destruction by fire. European Journal of Entomology 95: 41-54. PDF

Inbar M, Doostdar H, Sonoda R M, Leibee G L & Mayer R T (1998) Elicitors of plant defensive systems reduce insect densities and disease incidents. Journal of Chemical Ecology 24: 135-149. PDF

Inbar M (1998) Competition, territoriality and maternal defense in a gall-forming aphid. Ethology, Ecology and Evolution 10: 159-170. PDF

Inbar M, Doostdar H & Mayer R T (1999) The effects of sessile whitefly nymphs (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on leaf chewing larvae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environmental Entomology 28: 353-357. PDF

Inbar M, Doostdar H, Leibee G L & Mayer R T (1999) The role of plant rapidly induced responses in asymmetric interspecific interactions among insect herbivores. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25: 1961-1979. PDF

Inbar M & Mayer R T (1999) Spatio-temporal trends in armadillo diurnal activity and road-kills in central Florida. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27: 865-872. PDF

Broza M, Halpern M & Inbar M (2000) Non-biting midges (Diptera; Chironomidae) in waste ponds: a new nuisance problem in Israel. Water Science and Technology 42: 71-74. PDF

Inbar M, Doostdar H & Mayer R T (2001). Suitability of stressed and vigorous plants to various insect herbivores. Oikos 94: 228-235. PDF

Inbar M, Doostdar H, Gerling D & Mayer R T (2001) Induction of systemic acquired resistance in cotton by BTH has a negligible effect on phytophagous insects. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 99: 65-70. PDF

Inbar M & Schultz J C (2001) Once again, insects worked it out first. Nature 414: 147-148. PDF

McKenzie C L, Shatters R G Jr, Doostdar H, Lee S D, Inbar M & Mayer R T (2002) Effect of Geminivirus infection and Bemisia infestation on accumulation of pathogenesis-related proteins in tomato. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 49: 203-214. PDF

Lev-Yadun S, Dafni A, Inbar M, Izhaki I & Ne’eman G (2002) Colour patterns in vegetative parts of plants deserve more research attention. Trends in Plant Sciences 7: 59-60. PDF

Lev-Yadun S & Inbar M (2002) Defensive ant, aphid and caterpillar mimicry in plants. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 77: 393-398. PDF

Mayer R T, Inbar M, McKenzie C L, Shatters R, Borowicz V, Albrecht U, Powell C A & Doostdar H (2002) Multitrophic interactions of the silverleaf whitefly, host plants, competing herbivores, and phytopathogens. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 51: 151-169. PDF

Inbar M, Shanas U & Izhaki I (2002) Characterization of road accidents in Israel involving large mammals. Israel Journal of Zoology 48: 197-206. PDF.

Broza M, Halpern M, Gahanma L & Inbar M (2003) Monitoring of nuisance non-biting midges in waste stabilization ponds. Journal of Vector Ecology 28: 31-36. PDF

Auslander M, Nevo E & Inbar M (2003) The effects of slope orientation on plant growth, developmental instability and susceptibility to herbivores. Journal of Arid Environments 55: 405-41. PDF

Inbar M, Mayer R T & Doostdar H (2003) Induced activity of pathogenesis related (PR) proteins in aphid galls. Symbiosis 34: 293-300. PDF

Remaudière G, Inbar M, Menier J J & Shmida A (2004) Un nouveau geoica gallicole sur Pistacia atlantica en jordanie (Hemiptera, Aphididae, Eriosomatinae, Fordini). Revue Française d'Entomologie. 26: 37-42. PDF

Inbar M & Chikatunov V (2004) Beetle fragments in the clay of El Amarna tablet (EA-95). Monographic Study of El-Amarna Tablets (Eds. Y. Goren, et al.).

Inbar M, Wink M & Wool D (2004) The evolution of host plant manipulation by insects: molecular and ecological evidence from gall-forming aphids on Pistacia. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 32: 504-511. PDF

Lev-Yadum S, Dafni A, Flaishman M A, Inbar M, Izhaki I, Katzir G & Ne’eman G (2004) Plant coloration undermines herbivorous insect camouflage. Bio Essays 26: 1126-1130 PDF

Becker N, Inbar M, Bahat O, Choresh Y, Ben-Noon G & Yaffe O (2005) Estimating the economic value of viewing vultures, Gyps fulvus: a TCM study at Gamla nature reserve, Israel. Oryx 39: 429-434. PDF

Inbar M & Lev-Yadun M (2005) Conspicuous and aposematic spines in the animal kingdom. Naturwissenschaften 92: 170-172. PDF

Singaravalen N, Ne’eman G, Inbar M & Izhaki (2005) Secondary compounds in nectar attract free-flying honeybees. Journal of Chemical Ecology 31: 2791-2804. PDF

Singaravalen N, Inbar M, Ne’eman G, Distl M, Wink M & Izhaki I (2006) The effects of nectar-nicotine on colony fitness of caged honeybees. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 32: 49-58. PDF

Gish M & Inbar M (2006) Host location by apterous aphids after escape dropping from the plant. Journal of Insect Behavior. 19: 143-153. PDF

Inbar M (2006) The evolution of gall traits in the Fordinae. In: Ozaki K, Yukawa J, Ohgushi T & Price P E. (Eds.), Ecology and Evolution of Galling Arthropods and Their Associates. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo. pp. 265-273. PDF

Wallach A, Inbar M, Lambert R, Cohen S & Shanas U (2007) Hand-rearing roe deer: practice and research potential. International Zoo Yearbook 42: 183-193. PDF

Chiel E, Gottlieb Y, Zchori-Fein E, Mozes-Daube N, Inbar M & Ghanim M (2007) Biotype-dependent secondary symbiont communities in sympatric populations of Bemisia tabaci. Bulletin of Entomological Research 97: 1-7.

Keysary A, Massung R, Inbar M, Wallach A, Shanas U, Mumcuoglu K Y & Waner T (2007) First direct evidence of the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Israel. Emerging Infectious Diseases 13: 1411-1412.

Becker N, Horesh Y, Inbar M & Bahat O (2007) Combining TCM and CVM of endangered species conservation programme: estimation of marginal value of vultures Gyps fulvus in the presence of species-visitors interaction. In: Kontoleon A, Pascual U & Swanson T (Eds.), Handbook of Biodiversity and Economics. Cambridge University Press. pp.313-342. PDF.

Inbar M & Kark S (2007) Gender-related developmental instability and herbivory of Pistacia atlantica across a steep environmental gradient. Folia Geobotanica 42: 401-410. PDF

Wallach A, Inbar M, Scantlebury M, Speakman R & Shanas U (2007) Water constraints on roe deer reintroduction in dry Mediterranean habitats. Canadian Journal of Zoology 85: 1182-1192.

Inbar M (2008) Systematics of Pistacia: insights from ‎specialist parasitic aphids. Taxon 57: 238-242.‎ PDF
‎ ‎
Inbar M & Gerling D. (2008) Plant-mediated interactions ‎between whiteflies, herbivores and natural enemies. Annual ‎Review of Entomology 53: 431-448.‎

Nahum S, Inbar M, Ne'eman G & Ben-Shlomo R (2008) ‎Phenotypic plasticity and gene diversity in Pistacia lentiscus ‎L. along environmental gradients in Israel. Tree Genetics & ‎Genomes. 4: 777-785. ‎

Kontsedalov S, Zchori-Fein E, Chiel E, Gottlieb Y, Inbar M ‎& Ghanim M (2008) The presence of Rickettsia is associated ‎with increased susceptibility of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: ‎Aleyrodidae) to insecticides. Pest Management Science. 64: ‎‎789-792. ‎

Wallach A, Shanas U, Mumcuoglu K Y & Inbar M (2008) ‎Ectoparasite on introduced roe deer Capreolus capreolus in ‎Israel. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 44: 693-696. ‎PDF

Zaks A, Davidovich-Rikanati R, Bar B, Inbar M & ‎Lewinsohn E (2008) Biosynthesis of linalyl acetate and other ‎terpenes in lemon mint (Mentha aquatica var. citrata, ‎Lamiaceae) glandular trichomes. Israel Journal of Plant ‎Sciences 56: 233-244. ‎PDF

Chiel E, Zchori-Fein E, Inbar M, Gottlieb Y, Adachi-‎Hagimori T, Kelly S, Asplen M & Hunter M S (2009) Almost ‎there: Transmission routes of bacterial symbionts between ‎trophic levels. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4767. ‎doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004767.‎

Gerling, D, Erel E, Guershon M & Inbar M (2009) ‎Bionomics‏ ‏of Encarsia scapeata Rivnay (Hymenoptera: ‎Aphelinidae), tritrophic relationships and host-induced ‎diapause. Biological Control. 49: 201-206.‎

Chiel E, Inbar M, Mozes-Daube N, White J A, Hunter M S & ‎Zchori-Fein E (2009) Assessments of fitness effects by the ‎facultative symbiont, Rickettsia, in the sweetpotato whitefly ‎‎(Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Annals of the Entomological ‎Society of America. 102: 413-418. ‎

Wallach A, Inbar M & Shanas U (2009) Roe deer and ‎decapitated flower-heads. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences. ‎‎57: 103-106.‎ PDF

Becker N, Choresh Y, Bahat O & Inbar M (2009) Economic ‎analysis of feeding stations as a means to preserve an ‎endangered species: The case of GriffonVulture (Gyps ‎fulvus) in Israel. Journal for Nature Conservation. 17: 199-‎‎211.‎‎ ‎PDF

Kurzfeld-Zexer L, Wool D & Inbar M (2010) Modification ‎of tree architecture by a gall-forming aphid. Trees - Structure ‎and Function. 24: 13-18.‎
‎ ‎
Wallach A, Shanas U & Inbar M (2010) Feeding activity and ‎dietary composition of roe deer at the southern edge of their ‎range. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 56: 1-9. ‎

Inbar M, Izhaki I, Koplovich A, Lupo I, Silanikove N, ‎Glasser T, Gerchman Y, Perevolotsky A & Lev-Yadun S ‎‎(2010) Why do many galls have conspicuous colors? A new ‎hypothesis. Arthropod Plant Interactions. 4: 1-6.‎

Becker N, Choresh Y, Bahat O & Inbar M (2010) Cost ‎benefit analysis of conservation efforts to preserve ‎endangered species: The Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) in ‎Israel. Journal of Bioeconomics. 12: 55-70.‎

Rosell RC, Blackmer J, Czonek H & Inbar M (2010) ‎Mutualstic and dependent relationships with other organisms. ‎Pp 161-183. In: Stansly, PA., Naranjo, SE.(Eds.). Bemisia: ‎Bionomics and Management of a Global Pest. Springer. ‎

Gish, M, Dafni A & Inbar M (2010) Mammalian herbivore ‎breath alerts aphids to flee host plant. Current Biology. 20: ‎‎626-627.‎‎ ‎

Inbar M, Izhaki I, Koplovich A, Lupo I, Silanikove N, ‎Glasser T, Gerchman Y, Perevolotsky A & Lev-Yadun S ‎‎(2010) Conspicuous gall colors: a response to T.C.R. White. ‎Arthropod Plant Interactions.‎

Gerling D, Guershon M, Erel E & Inbar M. Diapause and its ‎regulation in the whitefly Trialeurodes lauri. Bulletin of ‎Entomological Research (In press).‎

Animal - Plant Interactions
Topics covered:
1. Introduction; Terminology; History.
2. Herbivroy: Feeding guilds; Source of variation.
3. Plant physical and chemical defense.
4. Induce responses to herbivory.
5. Three trophic level interactions.
6. Major hypotheses: The plant vigor / stress hypotheses; Optimal defense theory; Resource availability hypothesis, etc.
7. Plant mediated interactions among herbivores.
8. Grazing ecosystems.
9. Beneficial herbivory; Compensation and overcompensation.
10. Carnivorous plants.
11. Mutualism: Ant plant interactions; Insect fungal interactions; Algae and aquatic invertebrates.
12. Mutualism: Pollination biology; Seed and fruit dispersal.
13. Coevolution (or not) between animal and plants.

(Click on picture to enlarge).

Past & current students and post docs:

Nahum Sagy

Nahum Sagy:

Pistacia lentiscus: Ecotypes and Herbivory (With Prof. Ne'eman)

Arian Wallach

Arian Wallach:

RE-introduction of Roe Deer (With Dr. Shanas)

Yael Horesh

Yael Horesh:

Vultures Conservation- Bio-economic Analyses (With Drs. Beker & Bahat)

Eyal Erel

Eyal Erel:

Whiteflies on the Stawberry Tree (Arbutus andrachne) (With Prop. Gerling)

Moshe Gish

Moshe Gish:

Escape Behavior in Aphids

Dr. Singaravelan Natarajan

Dr. Singaravelan Natarajan (post-doc):

Bees and Secondary Metabolites in Nectar (With profs Izhaki & Ne'eman)

Dr. Itsic Martinez

Dr. Itsic Martinez (post-doc):

Ant-Plant Interactions

Lilach Kurtsfeld

Lilach Kurtsfeld:

Biology of gall forming aphids

Avi Loplovich

Avi Loplovich:

Gall defense from avian predation (With prof. Izhaki)

Noam Cohen

Noam Cohen:

The effects of Secondary Metabolites in Nactar on Ants (With Prof. Izhaki)

Sarit Avrani

Sarit Avrani:

Biogeography and cospeciation of Pistacia atlantica a specialist gall forming - aphid (With Dr. Ben Shelomo)

Elad Chiel

Elad Chiel:

Interactions between symbiotic bacterium and bio-controlling insect - evolutionary and practical aspects (With Dr. Zchori-Fein)

Ayelet Fluger

Ayelet Fluger:

Secondary symbionts of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemisia tabaci (With Dr. Zchori-Fein)

Oren Azaria

Oren Azaria:
Risk assessment of invasive species (With Dr. Baker)

Tal Weinberg

Tal Weinberg:

Urban mosquito nuisance in central Israel - an environmental and economical analyses (With Dr. Kan)

Tal Hanuny

Tal Hanuny:

Complex interactions between plant pathogens and mites (With Dr. Palevski)

Matan Ben-Ari

Matan Ben-Ari:

Defense behavior in aphids

Einat Adar

Einat Adar:

Biological control of plant-feeding predatory mites (With Dr. Palevski)

Karin Rand

Karin Rand:

Manipulating of terpenes production by gall-forming aphids (With Dr. Lewinsohn)


Department of Evolutionary & Environmental Biology, University of Haifa.

Department of Biology, University of Haifa – Oranim

Department of Natural Resources & Environmental Management, University of Haifa