Leon Blaustein Ecology Lab: Leon's page


Institute of Evolution and the Dept. of Evolutionary & Environmental Biology, University of Haifa


Leon's page:

Research CV Publications

Professor of Ecology


Contact Information:

Community Ecology Lab
Institute of Evolution, Room 240
Dept. of Evol. and Env. Biol.
Faculty of Sciences
University of Haifa
Haifa 31905, Israel

Prof. Leon Blaustein
Phone #:
Research Interests   [top]
Culiseta egg raft
egg raft (Photo: Derah Arav)
I am interested in conceptual problems in ecology at the behavioral, population, and community levels and applied problems including epidemiology, biological control and conservation. Much of my recent research centers around temporary pools as a model for addressing conceptual ecological questions and for addressing questions dealing with such applied problems as mosquito population regulation, amphibian conservation and biodiversity conservation. My colleagues and I take several approaches, including a reductionist one, to assess how various factors affect temporary pool community structure – both abiotic and biotic factors. Currently, problems that I am concentrating on are: 
(1) oviposition habitat selection in response to risk of predation and the consequences of such behavior on population and community dynamics at various scales. 
(2) population ecology, conservation genetics and life history strategies of amphibians, particularly the fire salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata. 
(3) determinants of, and conservation of, biodiversity in temporary pools.
(4) roles of host behavior and fine scale anthropogenic landscape alterations on ecology of infectious diseases.
(5) ecology and conservation of sharks and rays.

Pregnant Salamandra infraimmaculata
Pregnant adult Salamandra infraimmaculata (Photo: Leon Blaustein)

Education   [top]
From-To Institution Area of specialization Degree
9/71-6/75 Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick Environmental Sciences B.S.
9/75-10/78 Rutgers University, New Brunswick Ecology M.S.
9/82-6/83 University of California at Berkeley Epidemiology M.P.H.
9/83-4/88 University of California at Davis Ecology Ph.D
6/88-9/90 Dept. of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University Biological Control Postdoc
10/90-12/91 Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University, Sde Boker Campus Ecology Postdoc
Academic Ranks in Institutes of Higher Education   [top]
Dates Name of Institution and Department Ranks
12/88-12/88 Dept of Entomology, Michigan State University Visiting Scientist
11/91-12/92 Mitrani Ecology Center, Blaustein Institute, Ben-Gurion University, Sde Boker Campus Visiting Scientist
2/92-6/99 Overseas Program, University of Haifa External Lecture
10/94-6/98 Life Sciences Department, Ben-Gurion University Ecological Consultant
1/92-9/97 Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa Researcher 
9/95-10/95 Laboratory of Populations, Rockefeller University Visiting Scientist
10/97-9/99 Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa Senior Researcher 
10/99-8/03 Institute of Evolution, Faculty of Sciences, University of Haifa Senior Lecturer
9/03-1/10 Institute of Evolution and Dept. of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Haifa Associate Professor
8/04-7/05 Biology Department, Washington University, St Louis Visiting Professor
7/05-9/05 Ecology and Entomology Depts, Rutgers University Visiting Professor
2/10-present nstitute of Evolution and Dept. of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa Full Professor
Editorial Boards   [top]

Editor-in-Chief , Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution (1/06-  )

Reviews Editor, Ecology Letters (4/02-4/05)

Editorial Board, Ecology Letters (6/99-12/07)

Editorial Board, Israel Journal of Zoology, (1/99 to 12/05)

Guest editor, Israel Journal of Zoology, special issue on temporary pool ecology (2001)

Guest editor, Israel Journal of Zoology, special issue on risk of predation (2004)  

Guest editor, Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution, special issue on roles of community interactions on vector and vector borne disease dynamics (2009) 

Major Research Grants   [top]
Year(s) Funding Agency Subject Collaborator Amount
1983-1987 Univ of California Mosquito Research Funds A community ecology approach to mosquito control Richard Karban, UC Davis US$41,000
1993-1995 Ministry of Science New Immigrant Award Ecological Management of the Hula Wetlands Uriel Safriel, Hebrew University

NIS 300,000
(I declined award)

1994-1997 Ministry of Science Conservation Biology Eviatar Nevo (Haifa Univ) NIS 270,000
1994-1997 Israel-Germany Science Foundation Biodiversity Univ. Mainz) DM 180,000
1996-1999 US-Israel Binational Science Foundation Temporary pool food web ecology Joel E. Cohen (Rockefeller University)  US$120,000
1999-2003 U.S.-Israel Binational Science Foundation Oviposition habitat selection in response to risk of predation

Marc Mangel (UC Santa Cruz)
and Joel E. Cohen (Rockefeller Univ)

2003-2007 Israel Science Foundation Kairomone-mediated oviposition habitat selection US$240,000
2004-2007 U.S-Israel Binational Science Foundation Salamandra conservation ecology and life histories strategies Marc Mangel (UC Santa Cruz) and Alan Templeton (Washington Univ) US$140,000
2008-2012 Israel Science Foundation Salamandra movement and conservation ecology Shirli Bar-David (Ben-Gurion University), Marc Mangel (UC Santa Cruz), Alan Templeton (Washington Univ) and Asaf Sadeh (Univ of Haifa) US$215,000
2008-2011 Spanish Minisity of Science Phylogeography of Triclads Marta Ruita (Univ. of Barcelona)
and others
EU 108,000
Publications   [top]



Blaustein, L. and Schwartz, S.S. (editors) 2001.  Ecology of Temporary Pools. Special expanded issue of the Israel Journal of Zoology. Laser Pages, Jerusalem.  220 pages

Blaustein, L., Kotler, B.P., and Brown, J.S. (editors)  2004. Risk of Predation: Prey and Predator Responses.  Special expanded issue of Israel Journal of Zoology. Laser Pages, Jerusalem. 169 pages

Blaustein L., Ostfeld, R.S., Holt, R.D. (editors) 2010. Community interactions affecting vectors and vector-borne disease dynamics.  Israel Journal  of Ecology and Evolution. 213 pp.


Blaustein, L. 1989.  Factors affecting the efficiency of minnow traps to sample populations of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) and green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus).  Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 5:29-35.

Blaustein, L. 1989.  Spatial distributions of Anopheles freeborni, Gambusia affinis and Lepomis cyanellus in experimental rice fields. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 5:254-257.

Blaustein, L. 1990.  Evidence for predatory flatworms as organizers of zooplankton and mosquito community structure in rice fields.  Hydrobiologia 199:179-191.

Blaustein, L. and R. Karban.  1990.  Indirect effects of the mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, on the mosquito, Culex tarsalis.  Limnology and Oceanography  35:767-771.

Blaustein, L. and H. Dumont.  1990.  Typhloplanid flatworms:  Mechanisms of predation and evidence that they structure aquatic invertebrate communities. Hydrobiologia  198: 61-77.  

Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1991.  Indirect effects of the fairy shrimp, Branchipus schaefferi and two ostracod species on Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis-induced mortality to mosquitoes.  Hydrobiologia  212:67-76.     

Blaustein, L.  1992. Larvivorous fishes fail to control mosquitoes in experimental plots. Hydrobiologia  232:219-232.

Kotler, B.P., L. Blaustein and J.S. Brown.  1992. Predator facilitation:  The combined effects of two different predators on foraging in gerbils.  Ann. Zool. Fennici. 29:199-206.

Blaustein, L. and B.P.  Kotler. 1993. Oviposition habitat selection by Culiseta longiareolata: effects of immature conspecifics, tadpoles and food levels.  Ecological Entomology, 18:104-108.

Kotler, B. P., L. Blaustein and H. Dednam.  1993. The specter of predation:  influence of vipers on the foraging behavior of two desert gerbils.  Israel Journal of Zoology 39:11-21.

Blaustein, L. and A. Byard.  1993.  Predation by Aphanius mento on Culex pipiens: The effect of alternative prey and vegetation.  Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 9:356-358.        

Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1994. Differential prey vulnerability of various mosquito species to the cyclopoid copepod, Acanthocyclops viridis.  Israel Journal of Zoology 40:55-60.

Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1994. Mosquito larvae (Culiseta longiareolata) compete with and prey upon toad (Bufo viridis) immatures.  Journal of Animal Ecology 63:841-850.

Blaustein, L. 1994.  Mosquitoes, malaria and the Hula wetlands: Will reflooding bring back old problems?  Ecology and Environment  4:231-238.

Ward, D. and L. Blaustein. 1994.  The overriding influence of flash floods on species:area curves in ephemeral Negev desert pools: a consideration of the value of island biogeography theory. Journal of Biogeography 21:595-603

Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit. 1995.  Spatial distributions of Culiseta longiareolata and Bufo viridis within and among desert pools.  Journal of Arid Environments 29:199-211.

Blaustein, L., B. Kotler and D. Ward.  1995. Direct and indirect effects of a predatory backswimmer (Notonecta maculata) on community structure of desert temporary pools.  Ecological Entomology 20:311-318

Kotler, B. P. and L. Blaustein.  1995.  Titrating food and safety in a heterogeneous environment:  When are the risky and safe patches of equal value?  Oikos 74:251-258.

Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1996. Priority effects in temporary pools:  Nature and outcome of mosquito larva-toad tadpole interactions depend on order of entrance.  Journal of Animal Ecology 65:77-84.

Blaustein, L., J. Friedman, and T. Fahima.  1996. Larval Salamandra drive temporary pool community dynamics: evidence from an artificial pool experiment.  Oikos 76:392-402.

Blaustein, L., B.P. Kotler and E. Nevo.  1996. Biodiversity and microhabitat utilization of the rodent community along opposing slopes of Nahal Oren, Mount Carmel. Israel Journal of Zoology 42: 327-333

Blaustein, L. 1997. Nonconsumptive effects of larval Salamandra on its crustacean prey: can eggs detect predators?  Oecologia 110:212-217

Couch, L, L. Blaustein, D.W. Duszinski, G. Shenbrot, and E. Nevo.  1997. A new coccidian from Acomys cahirinus Desmarest, 1819 from Lower Nahal Oren, Mount Carmel, Israel.  Journal of Parasitology 83:276-279

Blaustein, L. and B.P. Kotler.  1997. Differential development rates of two color morphs of green toad (Bufo viridis) tadpoles. Israel Journal of Zoology 43:205-207

Chikatunov, V., M. Lillig, T. Pavliceck, L. Blaustein and E. Nevo.  1997. Biodiversity and local differentiation of insects at "Evolution Canyon" microsite, Nahal Oren, Mt Carmel, Israel.  I.  Tenebrionidae.  Journal of Arid Environments 37:367-377      

Blaustein, L. 1998. Influence of the predatory backswimmer, Notonecta maculata, on pool community structure.  Ecological Entomology 23: (3) 246-252

Spencer, M., L. Blaustein, S.S. Schwartz, and J.E. Cohen.  1999. Species richness and the proportion of predatory species in temporary pools:  relationships with habitat size and permanence.  Ecology Letters 2:157-166

Stav, G., L. Blaustein, J. Margalit.  1999. Experimental evidence for predation sensitive oviposition by a mosquito, Culiseta longiareolata.  Ecological Entomology 24:202-207

Blaustein, L., J. Garb, D. Shebitz and E. Nevo.  1999. Microclimate and community structure in temporary pools. Hydrobiologia 192: 187-196

Stav, G., L. Blaustein, and Y. Margalit.  2000.  Influence of nymphal Anax imperator (Odonata: Aeshnidae) on oviposition by the mosquito Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera:Culicidae)  Journal of Vector Ecology 25:190-202

Blaustein, L., and S.S. Schwartz. 2001.Why study ecology in temporary pools?  Israel Journal of Zoology 47:303-312

Spencer, M. and L. Blaustein. 2001.  Risk of predation and hatching of resting eggs in the ostracod Heterocypris incongruens.  Journal of Crustacean Biology 21: 575-581

Spencer, M. and L. Blaustein. 2001.  Hatching responses of temporary pool invertebrates in response to environmental signals.  Israel Journal of Zoology 47:397-418

Spencer, M., S.S. Schwartz and L. Blaustein. 2002. Are there fine-scale spatial patterns in community similarity among temporary freshwater pools?  Global Ecology and Biogeography 11:71-78

Spencer, M., L. Blaustein and J.E. Cohen. 2002. Oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes (Culiseta longiareolata) and consequences for population size. Ecology 83:669-679

Eitam, A., L. Blaustein.  2002. Non-invasive individual identification of larval Salamandra using tail-fin spot patterns.  Amphibia-Reptilia 23: 215-219

Martens, K., S.S. Schwartz, C. Meisch, and L. Blaustein.  2002. Non-marine Ostracoda (Crustacea) of Mount Carmel (Israel), with taxonomic notes on the Eucypridinae and circum-mediterranean Heterocypris. Israel Journal of Zoology 48:53-70

Eitam, A., L. Blaustein, M. Mangel. 2002.  Effects of Anisops sardea (Hemiptera: Notonectidae) on oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes and other dipterans and community structure in artificial pools.  Hydrobiologia 485: 183-189

Eitam, A., Pavlicek, T., Blaustein, L.  and  Nevo, E. 2002. Effects of inter- and intra-slope contrasts at ‘ Evolution Canyon ’, Israel , on a gall aphid and its natural enemies.  Journal of Mediterranean Ecology 4:47-52

Kiflawi, M., Blaustein, L, and M. Mangel. 2003. Predation-dependent oviposition habitat selection by the mosquito Culiseta longiareolata:  a test of competing hypotheses.  Ecology Letters 6:35-40

Kiflawi, M., Blaustein, L., and Mangel, M.  2003. Oviposition habitat selection in a mosquito, Culiseta longiareolata in response to risk of predation and conspecific density. Ecological Entomology 28:168-173

Kiflawi, M., Eitam, A., and Blaustein, L.  2003. The relative impact of local and regional processes on macro-invertebrate species richness in temporary ponds. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 447-452

Blaustein, L., Kiflawi, M., Eitam, A., Mangel, M. and Cohen, J.E. 2004. Oviposition habitat selection in response to risk of predation:  Mode of detection consistency across experimental venue.  Oecologia 138: 300-305

Eitam, A. Norena, C., and L. Blaustein.  2004. Microturbellarian species richness and community similarity among temporary pools: relationships with habitat properties.  Biodiversity and Conservation 13: 2107-2117

Eitam, A., L. Blaustein, K. Van Damme, H. J. Dumont & K. Martens. 2004. Crustacean species richness in temporary pools: relationships with habitat traits. Hydrobiologia 525:125-130

Eitam, A. and L. Blaustein. 2004. Oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes in response to predator (Notonecta maculata) density. Physiological Entomology 29: 188-191

Stav, G., Blaustein, L. and Margalit, Y. 2005. Individual and interactive effects of a predator (Anax imperator) and species sharing the same trophic level as mosquito larvae on mosquito populations. Ecological Applications 15:587-598

Silberbush, A., Blaustein, L. and Margalit, Y. 2005. Influence of salinity concentration on insect community structure: a mesocosm experiment in the Dead Sea Basin Region. Hydrobiologia 548:1-10

Blaustein, L., J. Blaustein and J. Chase. 2005. Chemical detection of the predator Notonecta irrorata by ovipositing Culex mosquitoes. Journal of Vector Ecology 30:299-301

Eitam, A., L. Blaustein and Marc Mangel. 2005. Density and intercohort priority effects on larval Salamandra salamandra in temporary pools.  Oecologia 146:36-42

Gallitano, S., L. Blaustein, and J. Vonesh.  2005.  First occurrence of Ochlerotatus japonicus in Missouri.  Journal of Vector Ecology 30:347-348

Larsen, E. and Blaustein, L. 2005. New backswimmer (Heteroptera: Notonectidae) records for Israel. Zoology in the Middle East 36:114-116.

Arav, D., and L. Blaustein. 2006. Effects of Pool Depth and Risk of Predation on Oviposition Habitat Selection by Temporary Pool Dipterans.  Journal of Medical Entomology 43: 443-497

Blaustein, L. and Chase, J.M.  2007. The role of species sharing the same trophic level as mosquitoes on mosquito populations.  Annual Review of Entomology 52:489-507

Stav, G., Blaustein L., Kotler, B.P. 2007. Direct and indirect effects of dragonfly (Anax imperator) nymphs on green toad (Bufo viridis) tadpoles. Hydrobiologia 579:85-93

Segev, O. and L. Blaustein. 2007. Priority effects of the early breeding fire salamander on the late breeding banded newt. Hydrobiologia 583: 275-28

Bar-David S, O. Segev, N. Peleg, N. Hill, A.R. Templeton, C. B. Schultz, L. Blaustein. 2007. Long distance movements by fire salamanders (Salamandra salamandra infraimmaculata) and implications for habitat fragmentation. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution 53:179-196.

Silberbush, A. and L. Blaustein. 2008. Oviposition habitat selection by a mosquito in response to a predator:  are predator-released kairomones air-borne cues? Journal of Vector Ecology 33:208-211

Noreña C., Eitam, A.  &  Blaustein, L. 2008. “Microturbellarian” flatworms from freshwater pools:  New species and records from Israel. Zootaxa 1705:1-20 

Segev, O., M. Mangel, and L. Blaustein.  2009. Deleterious effects of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) on fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) larvae. Animal Conservation 12: 29-37

Markman, S., Hill, N., Todrank, J, Heth, G. and L. Blaustein.  2009. Differential aggressiveness covaries with genetic similarity in fire salamander larvae.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63:1149–1155
(This article was picked up and featured by NRC Handelsblad in Holland)Ecology Letters issue 12 (2009)

Sadeh, A., Mangel, M. and L. Blaustein (2009) Context-dependent reproductive habitat selection: the interactive roles of structural complexity and cannibalistic conspecifics. Ecology Letters, 12:1158-1164 

Segev, O., N. Hill, A.R. Templeton and L. Blaustein (2010) Population size, structure and phenology of an endangered salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata, at temporary and permanent breeding sites.  Journal for Nature Conservation 18: 189–195

Pearlson, O., L. Blaustein, S. Snir, D. Goldberg, G. Degani. 2010. Molecular Variation in Triturus vittatus vittatus (Urodela) from Breeding Sites Near the Southern Extremity of its Distribution Revealed by DNA Sequencing of Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene and Control Region. Current Herpetology 29:11-122

Silberbush, A., S. Markman, E. Lewinsohn, E. Bar, J.E. Cohen, L. Blaustein. 2010. Mosquitoes use hydrocarbons to detect larval predators when selecting an oviposition site. Ecology Letters 13:1129-1138  

Eitam, A. and L. Blaustein. 2010. Effects of predator density and duration on crustacean abundance and diversity in experimental pools.  Hydrobiologia 652:269-276.  

Stav, G., B.P. Kotler and L. Blaustein. 2010. Foraging response to risks of predation and competition in temporary pools. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 56:9-20. 

Blaustein, L., Ostfeld, R.S., Holt, R.D. 2010. A community-ecology framework for understanding vector and vector-borne disease dynamics. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 56:251-262.  

Vonesh, J. and L. Blaustein. 2010. Predator-induced shifts in mosquito oviposition site selection: a meta analysis and implications for vector control.  Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 56:263-279.  

Kershenbaum, A., L. Stone, B.P. Kotler, L. Blaustein. 2010. Predation risk can drive cycles in zoonotic disease prevalence. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 56: 281-295  

Sadeh, A., Truskanov, N., Mangel, M. and L. Blaustein. 2011. Compensatory development and costs of plasticity: larval responses to desiccated conspecifics. PLoS ONE 6(1): e15602. 
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015602

Segev O, Mangel M, Wolf N, Sadeh A, Kershenbaum A, Blaustein L. (2011) Spatio-temporal reproductive strategies in the fire salamander: a model and empirical test. Behavioral Ecology 22:670-678 

Silberbush, A. and Blaustein, L. 2011. Mosquito females quantify risk of predation to their progeny when selecting an oviposition site.  Functional Ecology 25:1091-1095.

Kershenbaum, A., Kershenbaum, A., Blaustein, L. 2011. Rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) den site selection: preference for artificial sites. Wildlife Research 38, 244–248.

Warburg, A. Faiman, R., Shtern, A., Silberbush, A., Markman, S., Cohen, JE, Blaustein, L.  2011. Oviposition habitat selection by Anopheles gambiae in response to chemical cues by Notonecta maculata.  in press

Kershenbaum A., Ilany A., Blaustein L., Geffen .E. 2012. Syntactic structure and geographical dialects in the songs of male rock hyraxes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Kershenbaum A., Spencer M., Blaustein L., Cohen J.E. 2012. Modelling evolutionarily stable strategies in oviposition site selection, with varying risks of predation and intraspecific competition. Evolutionary Ecology 26(4):955-974

Kershenbaum A., Stone L., Ostfeld R., Blaustein L. 2012. Modelling transmission of vector-borne pathogens shows complex dynamics when vector feeding sites are limited. PLoS ONE 7(5): e36730. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036730


Blaustein, L. 1999.  Oviposition habitat selection in response to risk of predation: Consequences for populations and community structure.  In:  Evolutionary Processes and Theory:  Modern Perspectives.  Ed. by S. P. Wasser, Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 441-456.

Mitchell, W.A., Kotler, B.P., J.S. Brown, L. Blaustein, S. Dall.  2004.  Species diversity in relation to habitat structure, environmental variability and species interactions.  In:  Gosz, J., S. Pickett, M. Shachak, and A. Perevelotsky (eds), Drylands Biodiversity, Oxford Press.

Blaustein, L. and M. Spencer.  2005. Sampling Aquatic Insects.  In:  Insect Sampling in Forest Ecosystems:  Methods in Ecology Series.   Leather, S. (ed). Blackwell Science. Pp. 186-220.

Blaustein, L. and D.W. Whitman.  2008. Behavioral Plasticity in response to risk of predation:  Oviposition habitat selection by a mosquito.  In: Whitman D. & TN Ananthakrishnan (ed) Phenotypic Plasticity in Insects: Mechanisms and Consequences. Science Pub Inc. pp. 263-280.

Whitman, D.W. and L. Blaustein.  2008. Natural Enemy-Induced Plasticity in Plants and Animals. In: Whitman D. (ed) Phenotypic Plasticity in Insects: Mechanisms and Consequences. Science Pub Inc. pp. 177-261



Blaustein, L., N. Engert, E. Steiner, E. Nevo, and M.R. Warburg.  1996. Israel's endangered urodele species:  Preliminary studies on their distribution across Mount Carmel and their influences on community structure of temporary pools.  Proc.  Isr. Soc. Ecol. Environ. Qual. 6:514-516.



Blaustein, L.  1991. Duel in the sun:  A mosquito and tadpole compete strongly in temporary pools of the Negev Desert. Invited paper for Natural History Magazine 7:38-40.

1998.  “To hatch or not to hatch?”  Nature Australia 26 (2): 8. (Feature on my work in Blaustein 1997 Oecologia)

van der Helm, F. 2009. Vuursalamanders bevoordelen onbekende familie. NRC Handelsblad (Feature on the work in Markman et al 2009 BES)

Yavelberg I. 2011. The cost of accelerated development. Galileo 151:58-59 (In Hebrew, featuring the study published in Sadeh et al. PLoS ONE 2011).



Ph.D. Thesis:  Biological Interactions in Rice Fields:  A Community-Ecology Approach to Mosquito Control. Ecology Program, University of California at Davis , 424 pages, 4/88. Major Professor:  Richard Karban; Other Committee members: Thomas Schoener, Catherine Toft, Peter Moyle.

M.P.H. Thesis:  Epidemiology of Lyme disease and babesiosis:  a critical literature review.  Advisor:  William C. Reeves, University of California, Berkeley (6/83).

M.S. Thesis:  Seasonal and spatial distribution of Toxorhynchites rutilus septentrionalis  relative to its culicid prey.  Major Professor:  Fred C. Swift, Rutgers University, New Brunswick (10/78).





Leon's page:

Research CV Publications


Community Ecology Laboratory (Room 240)
Institute of Evolution
Dept. of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology
Faculty of Natural Sciences 
University of Haifa, Haifa 31905
Phone #: +972-4-8240736


Last Updated: 24 Nov 2011


The website was constructed by the lab member, Asaf Sadeh